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Macomb County is part of the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city of Detroit is located south of 8 Mile Road, the county's southern border.
Macomb County contains 27 cities, townships and villages, including three of the top ten most populous municipalities in Michigan as of the 2010 census: Warren (#3), Sterling Heights (#4) and Clinton Township (#10). Most of this population is concentrated south of Hall Road (M-59), one of the county's main thoroughfares.
The Ojibwe lived in the area for centuries before European contact, and were preceded by other cultures of ancient indigenous peoples.
The first European explorers were French, and they arrived in the area during the 17th century. Other early settlers were French fur trappers, who sometimes married Ojibwe women, and Jesuit missionaries. A Moravian colony was established in the county in the late 18th century. In addition to the original French and English settlers, later immigrants included Germans, Belgians, and others from Europe. In the 19th century the county received many American migrants from New York and New England, who were attracted to the area for land and booming jobs in the lumber and other resource industries.
Macomb County was formally organized on January 15, 1818 as the third county in the Michigan Territory. The county was named in honor of Detroit-born Alexander Macomb, Jr., a highly decorated veteran of the War of 1812 and hero of the Battle of Plattsburg. He was made Commanding General of the U.S. Army in 1828. As was typical in development, the county at first encompassed a much larger area than at present. As population increased in the area, the state legislature removed territory in 1819 and 1820 to form the counties of Oakland, Lapeer, Genesee, and St. Clair.
In May 2008, Macomb County voters approved a new charter to include a new elected position of County Executive, to be elected at-large; the proposal was to be submitted to the voters by 2010. A charter commission was elected in November 2008 for the purpose of drafting a charter for submission to the governor; after state approval, the initiative was placed on the November 2009 ballot. The Charter passed with a 60.4% to 39.6% margin. Mark Hackel was voted in as Macomb's first county executive.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 571 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 479 square miles (1,240 km2) is land and 92 square miles (240 km2) (16%) is water. The county's southeastern border with Canada is located across Lake St. Clair.
Lake St. Clair borders the county on the east.
Far northern parts of the county, such as Richmond and Armada, are often considered to be part of Michigan's Thumb region.
Lambton County, Ontario, Canada - southeast
St. Clair County, Michigan - northeast
Lapeer County, Michigan - northwest
Oakland County, Michigan - west
Wayne County, Michigan - south
Census Pop. %±
1810 580 —
1820 898 54.8%
1830 2,413 168.7%
1840 9,716 302.7%
1850 15,530 59.8%
1860 22,843 47.1%
1870 27,616 20.9%
1880 31,627 14.5%
1890 31,813 0.6%
1900 33,244 4.5%
1910 32,606 ?1.9%
1920 38,103 16.9%
1930 77,146 102.5%
1940 107,638 39.5%
1950 184,961 71.8%
1960 405,804 119.4%
1970 625,309 54.1%
1980 694,600 11.1%
1990 717,400 3.3%
2000 788,149 9.9%
2010 840,978 6.7%
Est. 2019 873,972 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 840,978 people living in the county. 85.4% were White, 8.6% Black or African American, 3.0% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 2.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 14.8% were of German, 14.3% Polish, 11.1% Italian, 6.5% Irish and 5.9% American ancestry.
In 2000, 87.6% of county residents spoke only English at home; 1.7% spoke Italian, 1.4% Polish, 1.2% Spanish, 1.1% Arabic, and 1.1% Syriac.
Among Asian ethnic groups, six numbered over 1,000 people in Macomb County. The most numerous were the 5,713 Southeast Asian Indians, followed by Filipinos (4,155), Chinese (2,489), Koreans (1,853) Vietnamese (1,557), and Hmong (1,103). Pakistanis are also represented in Macomb County's population.
European and Mid-Eastern national and ethnic groups that have settled in Macomb County since the 20th century include Albanians, Arabs, Chaldeans and Macedonians.
Native American tribes had over 2,478 residents in Macomb County in 2000.
In 2000, there were 309,203 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.
In 2000, the age distribution of the county was as follows: 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $52,102, and the median income for a family was $62,816. Males had a median income of $48,303 versus $30,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,446. About 4.00% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2006 American Community Survey the average family size was 3.15. The population of 25 and over was 571,463. 86.9% of that population had graduated from high school, and 21% of the population had a Bachelor's degree or higher. About 14.3% of that population was disabled. 12.5% of Macomb's population could speak another language at home.
Of Michigan's five largest counties, Macomb experienced the most population growth (102.5%) between 1950 and 1960.
Parks and recreation
Macomb County is home to more than 130 parks covering 12,000 acres (49 km2) managed by the state, regional, county, and local government. There are four major public parks in the County - Freedom Hill County Park, Macomb Orchard Trail, Lake St. Clair Metropark, and Stony Creek Metropark. The county also has 31 miles of shoreline and over 100 marinas.
Presidential election results
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners, which for the 2019–21 term is chaired by Bob Smith, controls the budget and creates and adopts ordinances and resolutions related to County functions. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
In May 2008, Macomb County voters approved the inclusion of a County Executive in a new charter to be submitted to the voters by 2010. A charter commission was elected in November 2008 for the purpose of drafting a charter for submission to Governor Granholm, which was submitted and approved and placed on the November 2009 ballot. The Charter passed with a 60.4% to 39.6% margin. The Macomb Intermediate School District serves all school districts based in the county.
County Executive: Mark A. Hackel (Democrat)
Prosecuting Attorney: Jean Cloud (Acting)
Sheriff: Anthony Wickersham (Democrat)
County Clerk/Register of Deeds: Fred Miller (Democrat)
County Treasurer: Larry Rocca (Republican)
Public Works Commissioner: Candice Miller (Republican)
Macomb County Board of Commissioners: 13 members, elected from districts (8 Democrats, 5 Republicans)
Circuit Court: 13 judges (non-partisan)
Probate Court: 2 judges (non-partisan)
Macomb County has shown Republican tendencies in statewide elections, while tending to favor Democratic candidates at the federal and local level. The county gained fame in the 1980s and '90s as a bellwether of state and national politics. Macomb's large cohort of working-class, socially conservative whites gave it one of the nation's most prominent concentrations of "Reagan Democrats". Outsider candidates with a conservative-populist bent have done well there in the past, such as Pat Buchanan in 1992 and Donald Trump in 2016. Macomb County voters were primarily responsible for the failure of the Regional Transit Authority proposal to create a public transit system in the Metropolitan Detroit region.
Coleman A. Young International Airport (DET) (Detroit) - General aviation only
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (DTW) (Romulus) - Major commercial airport, hub for Delta Air Lines and Spirit Airlines
Oakland County International Airport (PTK) Waterford Township) - Charter passenger facility
St. Clair County International Airport (near Port Huron, Michigan) - A minor international airport on the Canada–US border.
Selfridge Air National Guard Base (Mount Clemens) - Military airbase
Romeo State Airport (2 miles east of Romeo, Michigan) - Small general aviation airport within Macomb County
Ray Community Airport (2 miles southeast of Ray, Michigan) - Small general aviation airport within Macomb County
Marine City Airport (4 miles west of Marine City, Michigan) - Small general aviation airport in neighboring Saint Clair County
Oakland/Troy Airport (2 miles east of Troy, Michigan) - Small general aviation airport in neighboring Oakland County
I-94 (Edsel Ford Freeway) runs –west through Detroit and serves Ann Arbor to the west (where it continues to Chicago) and Port Huron to the northeast. The stretch of the current I-94 freeway from Ypsilanti to Detroit was one of the first American limited-access freeways. Henry Ford built it to link his factories at Willow Run and Dearborn during World War II. It was called the Willow Run Expressway.
I-696 (Walter Reuther Freeway) runs east–west from the junction of I-96, I-275, and M-5 to I-94, providing a route through the northern suburbs of Detroit.
M-3 (Gratiot Avenue) is a major road that runs from Marysville to downtown Detroit. The portion of the road between 23 Mile Road and New Haven Road is not numbered. Between New Haven Road and Main Street in the city of Richmond the road is part of M-19. Between Richmond and Marysville the road is not numbered.
M-19 starts in New Haven goes up Gratiot to Richmond. The route leaves Gratiot and goes northwest through Richmond and then north through Memphis. Then it goes north through St. Clair and Sanilac Counties and ends at M-142 between Bad Axe and Harbor Beach in Huron County.
M-29 begins as part of 23 Mile Road, east of I-94 and ends in Marysville.
M-53 which is called the Van Dyke Freeway and Christopher Columbus Freeway from 18 Mile Road in Sterling Heights to 27 ?1?2 Mile Road in Washington Township. It is also called the POW/MIA Memorial Freeway from 27 ?1?2 Mile Road in Washington Township to the freeway's end at 34 Mile Road in Bruce Township, however it is locally known as the Van Dyke Freeway. It continues as Van Dyke Road or Van Dyke Avenue north to Port Austin and south through Warren to Gratiot Avenue in Detroit.
M-59 (Veterans Memorial Freeway) from Utica to Pontiac, continues east as Hall Road to Gratiot Avenue and as William P. Rosso Highway to its terminus at I-94 and west as various surface roads to I-96 near Howell
M-97 (Groesbeck Highway) begins in Detroit at Gratiot (M-3) and ends at Hall Road (M-59).
M-102 (8 Mile Road), known by many due to the film 8 Mile, forms the dividing line between Detroit on the south and the suburbs of Macomb and Oakland counties on the north. It is also known as Baseline Road outside of Detroit, because it coincides with the baseline used in surveying Michigan; that baseline is also the boundary for a number of Michigan counties.
Jefferson Avenue is a scenic highway that runs parallel to the shore of the Detroit River and Lake St. Clair. It is also the principal thoroughfare for the Grosse Pointes, where it is called Lake Shore Drive.
"Mile" roads: Surface street navigation in Metro Detroit is commonly anchored by "mile roads," major east–west surface streets that are spaced at one-mile intervals and increment as one travels north and away from the city center. Mile roads sometimes have two names, the numeric name (ex. 15 Mile Road) used in Macomb County and a local name (ex. Maple Road) used in Oakland County mostly.
Main article: Mile Road System (Detroit)
U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Macomb County. Shaded areas represent incorporated cities.
Eastpointe (formerly East Detroit)
Grosse Pointe Shores (partial)
Mount Clemens (county seat)
St. Clair Shores
Chesterfield Charter Township
Clinton Charter Township
Harrison Charter Township
Shelby Charter Township
Washington Charter Township
Anchor Bay Gardens
Anchor Bay Harbor
Anchor Bay Shores
Saint Clair Haven
Actors and actresses
Dean Cain, actor, Mount Clemens
Dave Coulier, actor/comedian, St. Clair Shores
Adrienne Frantz, actress and singer, Mount Clemens, Michigan
Faye Grant, actress, St. Clair Shores
Kathleen Rose Perkins, actress, New Baltimore
Crystal Reed, actress, Roseville, Michigan
George Herbert Allen,coached in the NFL and USFL, St. Clair Shores
David Booth, NHL player, Washington Township
Dave Debol, NHL player, St. Clair Shores
Danny DeKeyser, NHL Player, Macomb County
John DiGiorgio, NFL Player, Macomb, Shelby Township
Denny Felsner, NHL player, Warren
Derian Hatcher, NHL player, Sterling Heights
Kevin Hatcher, NHL player, Sterling Heights
Pat Hentgen, MLB player, Fraser
Bryan Herta, race car driver, Warren
Matt Hunwick, NHL player, Warren
Ron Kramer, NFL player, Eastpointe
Craig Krenzel, NFL player, Sterling Heights
Chad LaRose, NHL player, Fraser
John Mazza, PBA bowler, Shelby Township
Shirley Muldowney, race car driver, Armada
John Smoltz, MLB player, Warren
Jim Sorgi, NFL player, Fraser
Matt Taormina, NHL player, Warren
Michele Van Gorp, WNBA player from Duke University, Warren
Doug Weight, NHL player, Warren
Mark Wells, member of the 1980 Olympic hockey team, St. Clair Shores
Johnny White, race car driver, Warren
Ernie Whitt, MLB player, Roseville
Frank Zombo, NFL player, Sterling Heights
Kyle Cook, NFL player, Macomb Twp.
Steve Oleksy, NHL player, Chesterfield Twp.
Tyler Conklin, NFL player, Chesterfield Twp.
Sean Murphy-Bunting, NFL Player, Macomb Twp.
Kid Rock, Romeo
Mitch Ryder, Roseville
Justin Jeffre, (98 Degrees), Mount Clemens
Uncle Kracker, Harrison Township
Fred 'Sonic' Smith, St. Clair Shores
Alice Cooper, Eastpointe
Tarey Wolf, Eastpointe
Joe Cada, professional poker player, Shelby Township
Dick Enberg, sportscaster, Armada
Martha Griffiths, Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (1983–1991), Armada
Alex Groesbeck, politician, Warren
Butch Hartman, creator of the cartoon show The Fairly OddParents, New Baltimore
Ian Hornak, Artist, Mount Clemens
George F. Lewis, proprietor of newspapers
Jerry M. Linenger, NASA astronaut, Eastpointe
Howard Wiest, Chief Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court, Washington Township
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